We have made our internal walls using a pine structure and green olive branches. It has worked very nicely so here is a little guide on how we did it.
Firstly we built the structure using 70x100mm pine joists. We secured them to the floor horizontally and connected them to the first floor joists vertically.
Then we drill the holes to fit the main horizontal supports. These need a bit of force to knock it. They weren’t completely tight when in place but they couldn’t fall out and that was what was important
We also drilled holes in the top and bottom joists to hold the olive branches in place.
Then we fit the main horizontals
Followed by some thinner horizontals to make it a bit easier to weave
At the edges if your vertical doesn’t join with you wall you can drill holes now and hammer through some olive branches to act as your horizontals
Next up weave your verticals. We found the more we weaved the stronger it got, and the easier in was to stick the cob. So we kept weaving. When there were enough verticals we added more horizontals too, as these hold the cob better
When it was strong enough to push against with a bit of force we were ready for cob. To save time we didn’t add any sand to our mix as we have about 50/50 sand/clay in our earth so its not a bad mix for a first layer. It will crack more due to its higher clay content but we are not concerned as this is just the scratch coat.
Working from bottom to top is easier we found. Wattle and daub is a great technique as you use less cob compared to a pure cob wall, and you can build from bottom to top without waiting for it to dry so it is much quicker.
As a final note, it may help to work with one person either side of the wall. On the first wall I pushed cob from both sides at the same time so they joined in the middle and as such dry together creating a very strong wall
You don’t have to stick to straight walls either, we have seen people daub all manner of interesting shaped structures using this technique.
Just weave your structure then plaster it well. That’s Wattle and Daub…