One of our main goals here at Fazenda Tomati is to reforest our two vineyards, which flank our central pasture space.
Drawing on the ideas of Permaculture, Regenerative Agroforestry and Syntropic Agriculture we aim to mimic the structure of a Mediterranean forest.
Because our agricultural efforts are not currently for profit, we are doing all the work as cheaply as possible, which means all digging and planting is with hand tools only..
Before embarking on a productive system we must plant many pioneer species whose evolutionary goal is to colonise degraded landscapes and rapidly build a temporary forest structure which fixes its own nitrogen and creates its own soil.
Pioneer species we have used include the various Lupins, Acacia, Clover, Honey Locust amongst others. We have also seen a lot of success with cork/holm oak, pine, olive and hawthorn.
With the protection and ecosystem services the pioneers provide we hope to create an environment fit for more demanding fruit and nut species including cherry, chestnut, citrus, stone pine, peach and more.